Dental plaque is a sticky, clear layer on the surface of the teeth, which is formed from food waste. If not cleaned, dental plaque will harden into tartar.
Many people think that plaque and tartar are trivial. In fact, plaque which then causes the formation of tartar can cause damage, not only to the teeth, but also to the supporting tissues of the teeth.
Dangers of Dental Plaque
As mentioned earlier, if dental plaque is not cleaned, it will harden and become tartar. nowThis tartar cannot be removed just by brushing your teeth.
Food residue and plaque that accumulates into tartar will be converted by germs or bacteria into acids that can damage teeth and cause cavities. In addition, the buildup of food debris and bacteria can cause bad breath (halitosis) and gum disorders.
Plaque that builds up and becomes tartar can cause inflammation of the gums or gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by symptoms, such as:
- Gum swelling.
- The color of the gums turns red.
- Bleeding gums, especially when brushing your teeth.
Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums can develop into a more severe condition, namely damage to the bones called periodontitis.
How to get rid of dental plaque
It is better to remove plaque as early as possible before it turns into tartar, which will be more difficult to remove. Removing dental plaque can be done in the following ways:
- Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride.
- Use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
- Brushing teeth with the correct technique, especially at the meeting between the teeth and gums.
- Use mouthwash containing antiseptic regularly every day, in order to remove harmful bacteria that form plaque.
- Clean between teeth with dental flossdental floss) every day.
Also pay attention to diet and limit the habit of eating small meals or snacking. Try replacing snacks with vegetables or fruits, because they can help saliva to neutralize the acid produced from dental plaque. And no less important, check your teeth regularly every 6 months to the dentist.
drg. Arni Maharani