Get to know these different types of bone cancer

There are various types of bone cancer that are common, such as: osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma. Each type of cancer shows symptoms that vary in sufferers. To find out more about the types of bone cancer, see the following review.

Bone cancer is a subset of soft tissue sarcomas. Bone cancer can grow in any bone in the body, but most commonly affects the pelvis, arms, and legs. The causes, symptoms, and treatment of bone cancer can vary, depending on the type.

Different Types of Bone Cancer

The following are some of the most common types of bone cancer:

1. Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is one of the most common types of bone cancer, especially in children or adolescents. This bone cancer can grow anywhere, but more often grows in long bones, such as the thighbone, shinbone, and upper arm bone.

Symptom osteosarcoma among others:

  • Swelling or lumps around the bones
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Broken bones for no apparent reason

Osteosarcoma thought to occur due to errors in the DNA or genetic code. This error causes the cells that function for bone growth to create cancer cells. Therefore, adolescents who have a lot of these bone growth cells are more at risk of developing osteosarcoma.

2. Chondrosarcoma

The most common types of bone cancer are: chondrosarcoma. Usually, this cancer grows slowly in the areas of cartilage in the femur, pelvis, and bones of the upper arm and shoulder. Although rare, chondrosarcoma It can also grow in the muscles, nerves, and soft tissues of the hands or feet.

patient chondrosarcoma Usually feel the symptoms right where the cancer is developing. Symptoms that can occur include:

  • Impaired movement in the part affected by bone cancer
  • Severe pain, especially at night and doesn't go away with just rest
  • Big lump on bone
  • Problems urinating if the cancer is in the pelvis
  • Stiffness, swelling, pain, or discomfort in the affected area

Chondrosarcoma It can occur at any age, but is generally experienced by people over the age of 40. The risk of this cancer is also increased by the presence of benign tumors in cartilage, for example osteochondroma.

3. Ewing's sarcoma

Ewing's sarcoma is a type of bone cancer in children. This cancer is a rare type of cancer that can grow in any bone, such as the leg, thigh, and hip bones. Sometimes, cancer can also affect the soft tissues around the bones, such as cartilage, nerves, or muscles.

Symptoms or signs of this type of bone cancer include:

  • Pain or swelling near the cancerous area
  • Bone pain
  • Fatigue for no reason
  • Fever for no reason
  • Drastic weight loss

The exact cause of Ewing's sarcoma is not known. So far, Ewing's sarcoma is thought to arise from a DNA mutation that occurs after birth. However, it is not known to be associated with hereditary diseases, exposure to radiation, chemicals, or other environmental factors.

4. Chordoma

Chordoma is a rare type of bone cancer that occurs in the spine or skull. This cancer most commonly occurs at the base of the skull and in the lower spine, and usually occurs between the ages of 40 and 60.

Chordoma derived from embryonic cells that will form the spinal disc. Usually these cells will disappear when the baby is born or soon after the baby is born, but in some cases, these cells persist into adulthood and grow into cancer.

Chordoma It is usually difficult to treat because it is so close to the spinal cord and other important parts such as arteries, nerves, or brain.

In addition to the location of bone cancer or its stage, the type of bone cancer that occurs also determines the treatment that must be undertaken. Some bone cancers can be treated with surgery alone. However, there are other types of bone cancer that require surgery plus chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Regardless of the type, if you or your child feel a lump or bone pain that goes on and on, gets worse at night, and doesn't get better despite taking pain relievers, see a doctor immediately to find out the cause of the complaints you feel and get the right treatment. .