The CanSino vaccine (Ad5-nCoV) is a vaccine to prevent infection with the Corona virus or COVID-19. The CanSino vaccine is one type of vaccine that will be used in the mutual cooperation vaccine program in Indonesia.
CanSino Vaccine developed by CanSino Biological Inc. and Beijing Institute of Biotechnology, in China. The vaccine is currently undergoing phase III clinical trials in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Pakistan and Russia. The vaccine, also known as Convidecia, will be given in a single dose.
CanSino vaccine belongs to the type of vaccine viral vector which is derived from adenovirus type 5. This vaccine works by making spike protein Sars-Cov-2 which will stimulate the body to recognize and form antibodies which can then provide a protective effect when the body is exposed to the Corona virus that causes COVID-19.
From the results of phase III clinical trials, to prevent symptomatic COVID-19, the CanSino vaccine has an efficacy value of 65.28% after 28 days of injection and 68.83% after 14 days of injection. Meanwhile, to prevent the occurrence of COVID-19 with severe symptoms, this vaccine is claimed to have an efficacy value of 90.07% after 28 days of injection and 95.47% after 14 days of injection.
What is the CanSino Vaccine
|Preventing COVID-19 infection
|CanSino vaccine for pregnant and lactating women
|Category N: Not categorized.
It is not yet known whether the CanSino vaccine is absorbed into breast milk or not. Consult your doctor first before using this vaccine.
Precautions Before Receiving CanSino Vaccines
The CanSino vaccine will be given directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at a health facility. There are several things you should pay attention to before receiving the CanSino vaccine, namely:
- Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. The CanSino vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to any of the ingredients in this vaccine.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or are breastfeeding.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking certain supplements, herbal products, or medications, including if you are taking therapy that can lower your immune system (immunosuppressives).
- Tell your doctor if you are a COVID-19 survivor.
- Tell your doctor if you have an ARI, weakened immune system, HIV/AIDS, fever, diabetes, hypertension, autoimmune disease, kidney disease, lung disease, heart disease, or blood disorder.
- See your doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction after the CanSino vaccine injection.
CanSino Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
The CanSino vaccine is administered by injection into the muscle (intramuscularly/IM) in the upper arm by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor.
CanSino vaccine is given in a single dose of 0.5 ml. This vaccine can be given to people aged 18 years and over.
How to give the CanSino Vaccine
The CanSino vaccine is injected into a muscle (intramuscularly/IM). This vaccine injection will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at a health facility that has been designated for vaccination services.
Prior to vaccination, the medical staff will screen and ask questions to determine your condition. If you have a fever, the vaccine injection will be delayed.
After the screening process is complete and you are declared eligible for vaccination, the skin area to be injected will be cleaned with alcoholswab before and after injection.
After the vaccine is injected, the injection area will be covered with a plaster, then the disposable syringe that has been used will be thrown inside safety box without closing the needle.
After receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, you must wait 30 minutes at the vaccination service. This is done to anticipate post-immunization follow-up events (AEFI).
AEFIs are all complaints or medical conditions that may be related to vaccination, including allergic reactions to vaccine ingredients and vaccine side effects.
Even though you have been vaccinated, you must still comply with health protocols to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, namely by washing your hands, keeping a distance of at least 1-2 meters from other people, always wearing a mask when outside the house, and avoiding crowds.
For 7 days after vaccination, make sure to avoid exposure to allergens, reduce consumption of alcoholic beverages and spicy foods, eat a healthy diet, and drink enough water.
CanSino vaccine storage is carried out by vaccine officers according to standard operating procedures. Vaccines need to be stored in a special vaccine refrigerator with a temperature of 2–8° C and protected from direct sunlight.
CanSino Vaccine Interactions with Other Drugs
There is no known interaction effect that can occur if the CanSino vaccine is used together with other medicines. To anticipate the effects of drug interactions, always tell your doctor about any drugs, supplements or herbal products you are taking before receiving the CanSino vaccine.
CanSino Vaccine Side Effects and Dangers
Some of the possible side effects after vaccination are:
- Redness, swelling, or pain at the injection site
- Muscle ache
Check with your doctor if the side effects above don't get better or get worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after the CanSino vaccine injection.