The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a vaccine to prevent infection with the Corona virus or COVID-19. Vaccine knownalso with J&J vaccine or Janssen Ad26.CoV2.S . vaccinegiven in a single dose.
Johnson & Johnson Vaccine developed by Janssen Pharmaceuticals Companies of Johnson & Johnson. This vaccine has received emergency use of authorization (EUA), for use as a vaccine against COVID-19 by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Johnson & Johnson Vaccine contains adenovirus type 26 which cannot replicate, citric acid monohydrate, trisodium citrate dihydrate, ethanol, 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HBCD), polysorbate-80, and sodium chloride.
Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a type of vaccine viral vector. This vaccine works by making spike protein Sars-Cov-2 which will stimulate the body to recognize and form antibodies. These antibodies can then provide a protective effect when the body is exposed to the Corona virus that causes COVID-19.
From the results of clinical trials conducted, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine has an efficacy or prevention value against COVID-19 of 66.3%.
What is the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine
|Preventing COVID-19 infection
|Age over 18 years old
|Johnson & Johnson Vaccines for pregnant and lactating women
|Category N: Not categorized.
It is not known whether the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is absorbed into breast milk or not. Consult your doctor first before using this vaccine.
Warnings Before Receiving Johnson & Johnson Vaccines
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine will be administered in a health facility directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. Note the following before receiving the Johnson & Johnson vaccine:
- Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to any of the ingredients in this vaccine.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or are breastfeeding.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking certain supplements, herbal products, or medications.
- If you have a fever, the administration of this vaccine will be postponed until the fever subsides and you are fully recovered.
- Tell your doctor if you have a blood clotting disorder or are taking treatment with blood-thinning medications, including anticoagulants
- Tell your doctor if you have received any other type of COVID-19 vaccine.
- Tell your doctor if you are on treatment with immunosuppressant drugs or have a condition that causes your immune system to weaken, such as HIV/AIDS.
- Tell your doctor if you are a survivor of COVID-19 or have had treatment with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma.
- Tell your doctor if you have an ARI, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, autoimmune disease, kidney disease, lung disease, or blood disorder.
- See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction after getting the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is given by injection into the deltoid (intramuscular) muscle in the upper arm by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor.
Johnson & Johnson vaccine is given in a single dose of 0.5 ml. This vaccine can be given to people aged 18 years and over.
Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Administration
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is injected into a muscle (intramuscularly/IM). This vaccine injection will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at a health facility that has been designated for vaccination services.
Prior to vaccination, the medical staff will screen and ask questions to determine your condition. If you have a fever, the vaccine injection will be delayed.
After the screening process is complete and you are declared eligible for vaccination, the skin area to be injected will be cleaned with a alcoholswab before and after injection.
After the vaccine is injected, the injection area will be covered with a plaster, then the disposable syringe that has been used will be disposed of inside safety box without closing the needle.
After receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, you must wait 30 minutes at the vaccination service. This is done to anticipate post-immunization follow-up events (AEFI).
AEFIs are all complaints or medical conditions that may be related to vaccination, including allergic reactions to vaccine ingredients and vaccine side effects.
Even though you have been vaccinated, you must still comply with health protocols to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, namely by washing your hands, keeping a distance of at least 1-2 meters from other people, always wearing a mask when outside the house, and avoiding crowds.
Storage of Johnson & Johnson vaccines is carried out by vaccine officers according to standard operating procedures. This vaccine needs to be stored in a special vaccine refrigerator with a temperature of 2–8°C which is protected from direct sunlight.
Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Interactions with Other Drugs
There is no known interaction effect that can occur if the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is used together with other medicines. To anticipate the effects of interactions between drugs, always tell your doctor about any drugs, supplements, or herbal products you are taking before receiving the vaccine.
Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Side Effects and Hazards
Some of the possible side effects after vaccination are:
- Pain, redness, or swelling, at the injection site
- Muscle ache
Check with your doctor if the side effects above don't get better or get worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after the injection of Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
In addition, you also need to see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic drug reaction or more serious side effects, such as seizures, ringing in the ears, or thromboembolic disorders, such as DVT (deep vein thrombosis) or pulmonary embolism.