Fertility Therapy to Increase the Chances of Pregnancy

Fertility therapy can be an alternative method for you and your partner who have difficulty conceiving offspring. This therapy can be done by giving drugs to surgery steps to overcome fertility problems.

There are several things that make it difficult for couples to have children, such as stress, unhealthy lifestyles, being overweight or underweight, too old to get pregnant, to certain health problems.

One way to help couples to have children is with fertility therapy.

Different Types of Fertility Therapy

In general, fertility therapy is divided into two types, namely:

Therapy through drugs

Drugs used to increase the success of the pregnancy program through fertility therapy are: clomiphene. This drug works to encourage the regular release of eggs.

Clomiphene It is given to women who experience irregular ovulation or are unable to ovulate at all. For the same problem, the doctor will also give medicine tamoxifen as an alternative medicine.

In addition, to stimulate ovulation in women, administration of the hormone GnRH (gonadotrophin-releasing hormone) or dopamine may also be performed. Gonadotropins can also be given to stimulate ovulation in women and increase fertility in men.

If a woman has polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the usual medications are: metformin. PCOS itself is usually characterized by the presence of cysts in the ovaries, the ovaries are not able to release eggs regularly, and androgen hormone levels are too high in the body.

Fertility therapy through surgery

In fertility therapy, surgery is generally performed for several conditions, such as:

  • The fallopian tubes are closed or there are scars due to a previous disease, such as an infection or inflammation that causes scar tissue to form in the fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis or the presence of cells from the lining of the uterus that grow in other areas of the body
  • PCOS that doesn't get better despite treatment

Another problem that interferes with a woman's fertility and can be treated with surgery is fibroids or fibroids. Surgical removal of fibroids will be considered if other causes of infertility cannot be found.

Surgery in fertility therapy can also be performed on men. This can be done when sperm is blocked by an abnormality in the epididymis or the sperm storage site in the testes. Surgery is also needed to treat testicular varicose veins in men with abnormal sperm counts.

Determination of which technique is appropriate will be adjusted to the cause of infertility suffered by both or one of the partners. In addition, the determination of fertility therapy also depends on a person's medical history and age.

Choice of Pregnant Program Method

If you have undergone fertility therapy in some of the ways above but have not yet had children, you can consider trying other pregnancy programs, such as:

  • Artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a method of introducing sperm directly into the uterus at the time of ovulation.
  • IVF or in vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technique to bring together egg cells and sperm cells outside the human body.
  • ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), i.e. the sperm is injected directly into the egg in the laboratory and the resulting embryo is transferred to the uterus.

If you and your partner want to do fertility therapy, consult your doctor first. After a series of examinations are carried out, the doctor will determine the right therapy method and according to your health condition and your partner.