Recognize the Causes of Delayed Motor Development in Babies and the Signs

A baby's motor development can be hampered due to several things, ranging from heredity to certain health problems. Let's recognize the signs of stunted baby motor development so that it can be detected and treated immediately.

Delays in the baby's motor development can be caused by a number of factors, such as genetic factors, premature birth, and infections during pregnancy. In addition, the baby's illness or medical condition, such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, Mental retardation, fragile X syndrome, and dyspraxia can also cause a baby's motor development to be delayed.

A baby's motor development is said to be delayed when he can't do what other babies his age can do. Developmental delays experienced by babies can be related to fine motor development, it can also be gross motoric.

Fine Motor

Fine motor skills are movements that involve small muscles and eye-hand coordination. Some examples of fine motor movements are grabbing objects, grasping, and transferring them from one hand to the other.

The following will explain further some possible signs of fine motor delay that can occur in babies according to their age:

1. Babies aged 0-3 Months

  • His hand does not have the reflex to grip your finger when it is brought close to his hand.
  • Haven't been able to move his hands in a relaxed manner and play it.
  • Can't hold a toy even for a moment.

2. Babies aged 4-6 months

  • Haven't been able to hold a toy for a long time.
  • Unable to reach the object in your hand.
  • Haven't been able to move things from one hand to the other.

3. Babies aged 7-9 months

  • Unable to squeeze food or objects in his hands.
  • Unable to hold toys with both hands.
  • Unable to point or touch objects with index finger.
  • Can't clap yet.

4. Babies aged 10-12 months

  • Unable to put food in his mouth or eat alone.
  • Unable to grasp small objects with thumb or index finger.
  • Unable to hold toys with one hand.

Rough motoric

If fine motor skills are associated with small movements, then gross motor skills are associated with large movements. This is because gross motor movements involve the muscles of the arms, legs, and the rest of the body. Some examples of gross motor movements that can be seen in infants include the ability to roll over, crawl, sit, and stand.

nowBabies who may experience delays in gross motor development are usually unable to carry out movements that should be able to be done by children their age. To be clear, the following are signs of delayed gross motor development in infants according to their age:

1. Babies aged 0-3 months

  • Does not have the ability to lift his own head using his neck muscles.
  • When the baby is 3 months old, the baby cannot lift his head and chest when he is lying on his stomach.

2. Babies aged 4-6 months

  • Unable to lift shoulders and head when in prone position.
  • Unable to hold his head steady.
  • Unable to roll slowly.

3. Baby 7-9 months

  • Have not been able to sit steadily for a long time.
  • Can't crawl yet.
  • Unable to stand and walk vines.

4. Baby 10-12 months

  • Unable to maintain balance properly when standing alone.
  • Unable to walk, even with assistance.

Although the speed of motor development of each baby is different, you still have to keep an eye on all the developments that your little one goes through. If the baby's fine or gross motor development is delayed, consult a doctor. The doctor will provide treatment according to the condition of the little one.