Recognize Normal and Abnormal Bleeding After Childbirth

Pbleeding that happened after giving birth could be caused by ksituation normalmor abnormal. Pimportant to recognize difference in Among both of them,so that you can determine how to deal with it.

During pregnancy, blood volume will usually increase by about 50%. This increase in blood volume is a preparation in the face of blood loss during labor. Women who give birth by caesarean section usually experience more bleeding than women who give birth vaginally.

Sign-Tyou Bleeding After giving birth which ClassifiedNormal

Bleeding after delivery generally comes from a tear in the vagina or from an episiotomy performed during delivery. In addition, bleeding can also occur during the placental separation process.

Shortly after the baby is born, contractions in the uterus will trigger the release of the placenta. Under normal conditions, the contractions will continue until the bleeding stops.

A few days after delivery, the blood will come out gradually. This is one of the things that women experience after giving birth. Some signs of bleeding after childbirth that are classified as normal are:

  • Bleeding can be preceded by bleeding that is quite profuse and bright red. Sometimes bleeding is accompanied by the release of blood clots.
  • Gradually, the blood will change color to pink, brown, and eventually replaced by a yellowish-white liquid.

This normal bleeding is also known as puerperal bleeding, which can last 2-6 weeks after giving birth. At the beginning of this postpartum period, you may need special pads because the bleeding is quite profuse, but over time, you can use regular pads.

Symptom Bleeding After giving birth which Anormal

To be aware of dangerous conditions, you need to know the symptoms when abnormal bleeding occurs, namely:

  • Heavy bleeding, which can quickly lead to hypovolemic shock. This condition can be characterized by feeling weak, pale, decreased blood pressure, confusion, restlessness, and reduced frequency and amount of urine.
  • If an infection occurs, bleeding may also be accompanied by an unpleasant odor, fever, and lower abdominal pain.

Bleeding after childbirth, or often referred to as postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), can occur the day after delivery, or it can be several days to weeks after. The causes of this abnormal postpartum bleeding are:

  • The uterus does not contract properly after expelling the placenta (uterine atony)
  • Severely torn vagina or perineum
  • A torn uterus (uterine rupture)
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Placenta accreta and placenta previa

Abnormal postpartum bleeding needs to be treated immediately, because it can be life threatening. Handling of bleeding after delivery will begin with addressing emergency conditions first, and then proceed with addressing the cause of bleeding after the patient's condition is stable.

Women who are still undergoing the postpartum recovery period, either through normal delivery or caesarean section, are advised to postpone strenuous activities and also have sex.

If it is caused by impaired uterine contractions, a uterine massage will be performed to stimulate contractions or the administration of drugs that trigger uterine contractions. If it is caused by a tear in the vagina and perineum, sutures will be made to the area that is torn. Meanwhile, if it is caused by a torn uterus, surgery will be performed to stop the bleeding or even surgical removal of the uterus.

You need to recognize the signs of normal and abnormal postpartum bleeding, in order to anticipate a dangerous condition. If you experience symptoms or signs of abnormal bleeding, immediately consult a doctor for treatment.