Every woman wants to have clean skin without blemishes. With age or frequent exposure to the sun, it can trigger the appearance of dark spots on the skin or hyperpigmentation. However, by using the product skincare right, the skin can be avoided from blemishes so that it remains charmingly bright so that it looks like a healthy living skin.
Hyperpigmentation is characterized by the appearance of dark spots or dark patches or spot Black skin on the skin, occurs because the body produces excess melanin.
Recognize the Causes and Types of Hyperpigmentation
There are various causes of hyperpigmentation. In addition to being related to age, excessive sun exposure is also a cause. This is because, when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation from excessive sun exposure, it can trigger an increase in melanin production, resulting in hyperpigmentation.
Undergoing certain medications such as chemotherapy drugs can also be the cause of the appearance of hyperpigmented patches. In addition, in some pregnancies, hormonal changes in pregnant women can affect melanin production, and someone who suffers from endocrine diseases or hormonal disorders may also experience skin hyperpigmentation.
Based on the cause, hyperpigmentation is divided into three types. Hyperpigmentation caused by sun exposure is known as lentigo. Lentigo will usually appear on parts of the body that are often exposed to the sun, such as the arms and face.
There is also a condition called melasma. Melasma is hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. Melasma can usually appear in various areas of the body, but it most often appears on the abdomen and face.
For types of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation), generally appear as dark patches after injury or inflammation of the skin. Both due to injury or infection or other disorders of the skin such as acne, psoriasis and eczema. This condition can also occur after certain cosmetic procedures, such as eyebrow embroidery.
Prevent Hyperpigmentation Early on
Hyperpigmentation does not occur in a short time. That's why to reduce the risk of hyperpigmentation, it is recommended to take preventive measures as early as possible.
The way that can be done to prevent hyperpigmentation is to protect the skin from sun exposure. For example, avoid direct sunlight from 10 am to 4 pm, because ultraviolet radiation is very strong during this time, and before leaving the house it is recommended to use sunblock which contains SPF 30 to protect the skin from exposure to UV rays which are the cause of the appearance of dark spots on the skin. If you don't use sunblock when outdoors, UV rays run the risk of making dark spots on the skin even darker.
Not only protecting the skin from UV rays, hyperpigmentation can also be overcome by using the following products:
- Whitening cream or brightening creamProduct skincare with a whitening cream can reduce the production of melanin in the skin which is the cause of the appearance of dark spots. That's why, brightening cream able to be a solution in relighting black spots on the skin. However, you need to be careful in its use, so you should make sure to return to the dermatologist that the content in the whitening cream used is not harmful to health.
- Contains arbutinTopical product containing azelaic acid, vitamin C, tretinoin, glycolic acid, kojic acid, extract licorice suspected to be able to overcome dark spots that appear due to hyperpigmentation. On the other hand, beauty products or natural-based beauty products such as arbutin can also be an option. Derived from the bearberry plant, arbutin has been used as a skin lightening and whitening agent worldwide. This is because arbutin is believed to be able to inhibit the formation of melanin in the skin.
- Humulus lupulus extractThe appearance of dark spots on the skin can also be caused by the aging process of the skin. For this reason, products made from humulus lupulus extract can be an option in overcoming skin aging. In addition, the content contained in humulus lupulus extract is also able to overcome the appearance of acne stretch marks on the skin.
- Avoid products that contain parabensParabens are preservatives that are often used in cosmetics, including moisturizers. It is recommended to avoid moisturizers that contain parabens, because excess paraben content has the possibility of triggering the risk of breast cancer.
Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition that can happen to anyone. In addition to using the products above, it is recommended to apply lifestyle or a healthy lifestyle. Start by getting used to exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, eating healthy foods, drinking more water, and quitting smoking. Even though you are getting older, a healthy body and skin will always make you feel feel alive at any age.