Tizanidine is a drug used to treat muscle tension and sore muscles stiff (spastic). The complaintcan be caused by several conditions, such as multiple sclerosis or injury nerve spine.
Tizanidine works by blocking nerve impulses so that it gives time for muscles to relax or weaken. This drug belongs to the class of muscle relaxants. Tizanidine should only be used as prescribed by a doctor.
Tizanidine trademark: Myores, Phardex, Sirdalud, Tizacom, Tizanidine Hydrochloride, Zitanid
What is Tizanidine
|Treat muscle tension and spasticity
|Tizanidine for pregnant and lactating women
|Category C: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.
Tizanidine is not known to be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.
Warnings Before Taking Tizanidine
Tizanidine should only be used as prescribed by a doctor. Here are some things you need to pay attention to before taking tizanidine:
- Do not take tizanidine if you are allergic to this drug. Always tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
- Do not take tizanidine if you are taking fluvoxamine or ciprofloxacin.
- Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from liver disease, kidney problems, or low blood pressure.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
- Do not drink alcoholic beverages while you are taking tizanidine, as this increases the risk of side effects.
- Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness while taking tizanidine, as this medicine can cause dizziness.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal medicines and supplements.
- See your doctor right away if you have an allergic drug reaction, serious side effect, or overdose after taking tizanidine.
Dosis and Rules for Use Tizanidine
Typical doses of tizanidine to treat muscle tension and stiffness in patients with spinal cord injury or spinal cord injury multiple sclerosis is 2 mg, once daily.
The dose may be increased by 2–4 mg per day at intervals of 3–4 days, depending on the patient's response and needs to the drug. The maximum dose is 36 mg per day.
How to Take Tizanidine Correctly
Take tizanidine according to the doctor's instructions and the instructions on the medicine package. Do not reduce or increase the dose without consulting your doctor first.
Tizanidine tablets can be taken before or after meals. Use the help of water to swallow the tablet.
If you forget to take tizanidine, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of your next dose, ignore the missed dose and do not double the tizanidine dose to make up for the missed dose.
Store tizanidine in a place away from direct sunlight. Keep out of reach of children.
Tizanidine Interactions with Other Drugs
There are several drug interactions that can occur if tizanidine is taken with certain drugs, including:
- Increased risk of hypotension and tachycardia when used with digoxin or beta blockers, such as bisoprolol
- Elevated blood levels of tizanidine which can cause dangerous side effects when used with fluvoxamine or ciprofloxacin
- Increasing the effectiveness of drugs from the opioid class or benzodiazepine class of drugs
- Increased levels of tizanidine in the blood when used with birth control pills
In addition, the use of tizanidine with alcoholic beverages can increase the risk of side effects that interfere with the central nervous system.
Side Effects and Dangers of Tizanidine
Some of the side effects that can occur after taking tizanidine are:
- Dizziness, especially when getting up from a lying or sitting position
- Constipation or diarrhea
- dry mouth
- Nausea or vomiting
- Feeling tired, restless, sad
- Tingling in hands or feet
- Stomach pain or heartburn
Check with your doctor if the side effects above don't go away or get worse. See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction to a drug or experience more serious side effects, such as:
- Blurred vision
- Severe abdominal pain, jaundice, or loss of appetite
- Flu-like symptoms appear
- Slow or irregular heartbeat
- Uncontrolled body movements