Oxycodone - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Oxycodone is a pain reliever drug that belongs to the group of analgesic opioid drugs. This type of medication is used to treat moderate to severe pain. Generally, oxycodone is used to treat pain that occurs after surgery or to relieve pain caused by cancer. This drug acts on the nervous system and brain by altering the body's response to pain sensations.

This drug is available in the form of tablets, capsules and injections. Usually the doctor will prescribe oxycodone in combination with other drugs such as naloxone. Naloxone serves to help reduce one of the side effects that may be caused by oxycodone, namely constipation.

About Oxycodone

groupOpioid analgesics
CategoryPrescription drugs
BenefitReduce moderate to severe pain
Consumed byAdults (children ask doctor)
Drug formTablets, capsules and injections


  • For those of you who are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is recommended not to use oxycodone. Consult a doctor before taking this drug.
  • If you are taking other drugs, you must tell your doctor to avoid drug interactions.
  • For those of you who have asthma or other respiratory disorders, as well as problems in the stomach or intestines, it is not recommended to use this drug.
  • Please be careful using oxycodone if you have heart, liver or kidney disorders, and are dependent on alcohol.
  • You should also be careful if you have respiratory problems, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and low blood pressure.
  • Tell your doctor if you have any allergies to medications, have had a head injury, or have disorders of the pancreas, thyroid and adrenal glands.
  • Oxycodone can cause drowsiness and dizziness. Do not drive a vehicle or operate machinery after using this medicine.

Oxycodone Dosage

In the early stages of treatment, your doctor may prescribe oral oxycodone to be taken 4-6 times per day (5 mg each), a maximum of 400 mg per day. The dose can be increased if needed.

For treatment by intravenous injection, the doctor will give a dose of 1-10 mg with an injection duration of 1-2 minutes. The injection can be repeated with a gap of at least 4 hours. If treatment is given through an IV, the doctor will give you a dose of 2 mg per hour and the dose can be increased if needed.

This drug is a type of hard drug and can cause drug dependence. Therefore, make sure to take the drug as recommended by the doctor without exceeding or reducing the dose.

Using Oxycodone Correctly

Make sure you understand the use of oxycodone in accordance with the rules, including regarding other drugs that may or may not be used concurrently. Do not use this drug more than the dose or longer than the time frame that has been prescribed by the doctor because it can be fatal. One more thing, do not share this drug with other people even if they have the same case, except on the advice of a doctor. If you forget to take this medicine, do not take this medicine at one time.

Know the Side Effects and Dangers of Oxycodone

After using this medicine, you may experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, or drowsiness. Increasing the dose of this drug can increase the risk of difficulty breathing and some other rare side effects. Usually these side effects will lessen as treatment progresses. However, if your condition worsens, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Especially for pregnant women, this drug can only be used if it is really needed, according to the doctor's advice. Therefore, the use of this drug in the first two months of pregnancy can increase the risk of abnormalities in the baby. For example, the baby is dependent on drugs, so he must undergo additional postnatal care. Tell your doctor if you notice any abnormal symptoms in your newborn. To reduce that risk, doctors will usually give the smallest dose to pregnant women.