Recognizing Various Menstrual Blood Disorders and Their Causes

Each woman has a different duration and amount of menstrual blood, depending on age and hormones. The menstrual cycle in most women normally ranges from 21-35 days, but the average is generally 28 days.

The menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of menstruation, until the first day of menstruation in the next cycle. Under normal conditions, menstrual blood that comes out of the vagina is usually as much as 40 cc or about 3 tablespoons per day. The blood will generally continue to come out for 4-5 days. The normal limit for the amount of menstrual blood is 80 cc in a day, while the normal limit for menstruation is 2-7 days.

Various Problems Around Menstrual Blood

Many women complain of menstrual disorders. For example, menstrual blood that comes out too little, too much, or menstrual periods occur with a shorter or longer duration than normal conditions.

In addition, there are several disorders surrounding menstrual blood that often occur, including:

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    Blood clots usually come out when there is a lot of blood coming out. Some women may find blood clots that are bright red or dark red in color, which can make menstrual blood appear thicker and thicker than usual. Blood clots occur because the anticoagulant that prevents blood from clotting is not sufficiently removed by the body.

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    When menstruation is about to end, some women find menstrual blood is dark brown or black. This happens because the older blood stagnates when it is about to be removed. There is no need to worry about this, because the discoloration is normal.

  • Excessive amount of blood

    Many women feel worried when menstrual blood that comes out very much or menorrhagia. That's not necessarily a problem, especially if it's only temporary. However, if there is excessive bleeding, try to consult a doctor. This kind of condition should be wary of because it can cause anemia.

Causes of Menstrual Blood Abnormal

There are many things that cause an abnormal menstrual cycle, one of which is hormonal disturbances. If there are changes in hormone levels in the body, approaching menopause, or are using certain contraceptives, then menstrual blood can become abnormal.

In addition, there are several other conditions that can cause abnormal menstrual blood, such as:

  • Having an infection
  • Gain or lose weight fast
  • Going on an extreme diet or having anorexia nervosa
  • Suffering from severe stress
  • There is uterine cancer
  • Suffering from myoma
  • Certain conditions related to pregnancy
  • Suffering from von Willebrand's disease
  • Use of certain drugs that cause fluctuations or changes in hormone levels.

It is important to understand the normal condition of menstrual blood to recognize if there is a disturbance. Some menstrual blood disorders are classified as normal, but some need to be watched out for. To find out the cause and proper treatment, it is advisable to consult a doctor.