Abnormal nails could causing problem. One way to overcome this is through nail removal surgery. There are different types of nail removal surgery, depending on the nail condition.
Fingernails serve to protect the fingertips, help fingers feel something, and play an important role in regulating blood circulation in the fingertips. However, if there is a problem, the fingernail needs to be removed through a surgical procedure.
Before the operation, the patient's finger will be anesthetized first, then the nail to be removed will be cut to its base. Surgery can be performed by removing the entire nail, removing part of the nail, or removing some of the tissue around the nail.
When is Nail Extraction Needed?
Fingernail removal surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures. This procedure is usually performed when the nail has:
- Nail fungal infection.
- Bleeding under the nail from an injury to the finger.
Can Nails Grow Back After Nail Extraction Surgery?
After the operation, the nail will grow back even though it is smaller than before. The growth time for fingernails is about a year and a half, while toenails are about a year and a half.
If the doctor feels the need to prevent the nail from growing back, for example in severe and recurrent ingrown toenails, the doctor will remove the nail growth tissue. Removal of this nail growth tissue can be done by giving phenol acid drugs.
How is Home Care After Nail Extraction Surgery?
After the nail is removed and the anesthetic effect wears off, the finger will hurt so painkillers are needed, such as paracetamol. This medicine can be taken for a day or more.
The finger also needs to be bandaged for about two weeks. While using the bandage, the finger should not be exposed to water. Also avoid strenuous exercise that involves the area of the nail being pulled out, for example, not running if the nail that is being pulled is a toenail.
For post-surgical treatment of nail removal, the bandage needs to be changed periodically according to the doctor's instructions. The bandage also needs to be changed when it looks dirty or wet. The following are the steps to take when changing a bandage:
- Wash your hands with soap and running water, then dry them.
- Sprinkle the old bandage with sterile IV fluid (normal saline), then slowly remove the bandage.
- Wear disposable gloves.
- Check the color and smell of the wound
- Use sterile gauze to clean the wound.
- Cover with a disposable bandage.
If you notice an unpleasant odor in the wound, pus comes out of the wound, the edges of the wound are reddish and swollen, you need to consult again with the doctor or surgeon who performed the operation.
Nail removal surgery is an operation that is quite often done as a form of treatment for several nail problems. After the surgery, make sure you discuss with your doctor about home care after the nail removal surgery, to prevent infection.
dr. Sonny Seputra, M.Ked.Klin, Sp.B, FINACS(Surgeon)