During your period, do you have to use two pads at once or change them every hour? If yes, come on, see what are the possible causes of menstrual blood to come out a lot.
Actually the amount of bleeding during menstruation in each woman can be different. There is a small volume of menstrual blood, but there is also a lot, even excessive.
Menstrual blood comes out a lot
Menstrual blood that comes out is considered too much if it exceeds 80 ml in one menstrual cycle. But of course the amount of blood that comes out during menstruation is difficult to calculate.
In general, excessive menstrual blood can be characterized by:
- Menstruation more than 7 days.
- Have to change pads every 1-2 hours because they are full.
- There was a blood clot the size of a coin.
- Menstrual blood penetrates into trousers or bed linen.
- Had to change pads in the middle of the night because it was full.
Menstrual blood that comes out too much can interfere with activities, even cause weakness or shortness of breath. Be careful, too much menstrual blood can be a symptom of a more serious disease, you know.
Causes of a lot of menstrual blood
Actually, there are many things that can cause menstrual blood to come out a lot. The following are some of the most common causes:
- Myomas (fibroids), which are noncancerous tissue that grows around the uterus.
- Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, for example in the fallopian tubes or ovaries.
- Pelvic inflammation, which is inflammation of the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes.
- Adenomyosis occurs when tissue in the lining of the uterus penetrates outside the uterine wall.
- Endometrial polyps, which are noncancerous tissue that grows prominently on the lining of the uterus or cervix.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome, which is a condition that affects the functioning of the ovaries and can cause menstrual and fertility problems.
- intrauterine device (intrauterine contraceptive device/IUD), causes heavy menstruation in the first 3-6 months of use.
- Undergoing certain medications, such as hormone therapy, anti-clotting medications, herbal supplements, or chemotherapy.
- Imbalance of the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
- Ectopic pregnancy, ie fertilization that occurs outside the uterus. This condition can cause bleeding that may be mistaken for menstrual blood.
- An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism).
- Blood clotting disorders.
- Ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, or cervical cancer.
Heavy menstrual bleeding can cause anemia or low levels of red blood cells. Therefore, consult a doctor if you feel a significant change in menstrual volume or bleeding occurs between menstrual periods.