Acid rain is a natural phenomenon that can damage the environment and various materials, such as buildings and roads. Not only that, acid rain also has an impact on human health.
At a glance, acid rain looks the same as rain in general. However, what makes the difference is the level of acidity of the liquid in each drop of water.
Harmful compounds contained in acid rain can not only damage the environment, but also pollute the air which can endanger health if continuously inhaled.
The Process of Acid Rain
Acid rain occurs due to the discharge of sulfur dioxide (SO .) compounds2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) into the air. These two compounds are generally produced from smoke from motor vehicles and the use of coal as electricity.
In addition, volcanic eruptions also contribute to the presence of these two substances in the air.
When burned, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide can accumulate and react with water molecules in the air to produce highly acidic rain. In other words, each raindrop contains acid.
Impact of Acid Rain on Health
Acid rain which is formed from air pollution due to the process of burning fuel from motor vehicles and industrial machines can have a negative impact on health.
Particles from acid rain, namely sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, can be harmful if exposed to excessive amounts or over a long period of time.
A study suggests that there is a relationship between increased exposure to these compounds with heart disease and respiratory disorders, such as asthma, dry cough, and throat irritation.
Meanwhile, air pollution itself can also have a negative impact on the body, including:
- Heart disease
- Lung cancer
- Acute and chronic respiratory diseases
- Eye, nose and throat irritation
Groups that are vulnerable to air conditions like this are children, the elderly, people who work outdoors, and people with lung or heart problems.
Reducing the Risk of Acid Rain
The risk of acid rain can be reduced by saving or reducing the use of electrical energy. You can do this in the following way:
- Use energy efficient household appliances, such as lights, refrigerators, air conditioners, and washing machines.
- Turn off all kinds of household appliances that use electricity when not in use.
- Use public transportation when you want to travel. You can also bike or walk if the distance to the location to be addressed is not too far away.
- Choose a vehicle that is low in emissions and environmentally friendly, if you want to have a private vehicle.
Although the bad impact of acid rain on health is not felt directly, but there is nothing wrong if you make changes so that health and environmental sustainability are maintained.
If you feel you are experiencing complaints due to exposure to acid rain, consult a doctor for treatment according to the symptoms experienced.