Fever in Children - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Fever in children is a condition when the child's body temperature rises beyond normal limits. Fever is defined when a child's body temperature is more than 37.2 degrees Celsius when measured from the armpit, more than 37.8 degrees Celsius when measured from the mouth, or above 38 degrees Celsius when measured from the rectum.

If your child feels warmer than usual, such as a warm forehead to the touch, use a thermometer to take his temperature. Keep in mind, do not use a thermometer that contains mercury or mercury, because it will be very dangerous if it breaks. Opt for a digital thermometer, which can be used in the mouth, armpit, or rectum. However, it is preferable to choose a rectal (rectal) thermometer, as it shows the most accurate results.

Please note that a high body temperature does not always indicate the severity of the child's condition. In some cases, a mild viral infection, such as the flu, can cause the body temperature to rise up to 40 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, serious infections can occur in the absence of fever, especially in infants.

Symptoms to watch out for

See a doctor immediately if:

  • Body temperature measured through the rectum 38 degrees Celsius or more, in children younger than 3 months.
  • Body temperature 38.8 degrees Celsius or more, in children aged 3-6 months.
  • Body temperature 38.8 to 39.4 degrees Celsius, in children aged 6 months or older.
  • Body temperature over 39.4 degrees Celsius, in children aged 6 months or older.

In addition to a number of conditions above, take your child to the doctor if other accompanying symptoms appear, such as:

  • Prolonged diarrhea or vomiting.
  • Stiff neck.
  • Breathing problems, such as wheezing.
  • seizures.
  • Pale skin.
  • Being lazy to play.
  • Crying in a shrill voice.
  • A skin rash appears.
  • Do not want to eat.
  • Fussy.
  • Severe headache.
  • Stomach ache.
  • Unresponsive or limp.
  • Symptoms of dehydration appear, such as dry mouth or no tears when crying.

Causes and Treatment of Fever in Children

Fever in children can be triggered by viruses such as the flu or dangerous infections such as meningitis and typhoid. To determine the cause and appropriate treatment, the doctor may examine the patient's blood and urine samples.

Generally, fever in children is treated with drugs, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen, or ways to reduce a child's fever, for example by applying compresses to the child's body. However, not all drugs should be given to children who have a fever. Therefore, consult a doctor first so that it can be treated properly.