Bleeding gums during pregnancy is the result of hormonal changes during pregnancy, resulting in increased blood flow and plaque buildup on the gums and teeth. To find out if there is a danger behind bleeding gums during pregnancy and how to handle it, see the following explanation.
Bleeding gums during pregnancy, or what is medically called gingivitis, is a condition that many pregnant women experience. Most gum complaints during pregnancy occur between the second and eighth months of pregnancy.
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Pregnant women do not need to be too worried about bleeding gums if they are still relatively mild, because mild bleeding gums can generally be cured only with good dental care.
However, if the bleeding gums that you complain about are already severe, this condition should immediately be checked by a doctor. Although it has not been fully justified and needs further study, several studies have found that severe gum disease can increase the risk of pregnant women experiencing preterm labor and preeclampsia.
Especially if bleeding gums do not get proper treatment, this condition will increase the risk of severe gingivitis called periodontitis. This disease can weaken the gum tissue and bone that is in charge of attaching the rows of teeth to the jaw, causing the teeth to loosen or even fall out.
Pregnant women can prevent the above from happening by keeping their teeth, gums and mouth clean, limiting their intake of foods that are too sweet, and having regular dental check-ups with the dentist.
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Pregnant women who have severe gum disease are more at risk of giving birth to babies with low birth weight. Even so, this impact is not yet known for sure. Further research is needed to find out for sure whether or not there is a link between bleeding gums and low birth weight babies.
Until now, the bad impact of bleeding gums during pregnancy on the health of the baby in the womb has not been ascertained. However, gum disease can actually interfere with the health conditions of pregnant women. The condition of pregnant women who are not healthy can also have an impact on the fetus in the womb, thus increasing the risk of disruption of the birth process.
Some Ways to Prevent Gums Bbleeding saat Hamyl
To prevent bleeding gums during pregnancy, do the following efforts:
- Brush teeth twice a day. Complete the treatment between teeth with dental floss (dental floss) once a day.
- Choose a toothbrush with soft bristles that can reduce friction that can irritate the gums.
- Use salt water to gargle. Salt water can relieve inflammation and irritation of the gums. The trick is to mix a quarter teaspoon of salt with one glass of water.
- Meet the nutritional intake needs by eating healthy and nutritious foods.
- Check with the dentist, at least once, during pregnancy.
In addition to the above methods, preventing bleeding gums during pregnancy also needs to be accompanied by a healthy lifestyle, such as not smoking and avoiding alcoholic beverages.
If some of the ways above have been done but bleeding gums still occur, don't hesitate to consult a dentist. The doctor will check the health condition of the pregnant woman's teeth and gums and then provide the right treatment to treat bleeding gums during pregnancy.