Know the Various Causes of Squinted Eyes

Crossed eyes make it appear as if the sufferer is looking in two different directions. The cause of squint is disorders or disorders of the eye muscles, so that the position and movement ball eye abnormal.

In crossed eyes or strabismus, the direction of the two eyes does not appear straight or parallel. Cross eye disease can be experienced by anyone, but mostly occurs in children.

Squint occurs when the eye muscles do not work well together, so the position and movement of the eyeball is disturbed. As a result, the brain will receive different information from each eye. If this condition is not treated, over time the problem eye can become blind.

Crossed eyes can occur since childhood or as adults. Here is the explanation:

Causes of Crossed Eyes in Children

Most people with squint are born with the condition, or experience it as a child. The risk of a child suffering from a squint will be greater if one of his family members also suffers from a squint.

Disorders of the eye muscles that cause crossed eyes can be caused by several conditions, such as:

  • Have cerebral palsy or cerebral palsy.
  • Having a birth defect or genetic disorders, such as Prader-Willi syndrome, Down syndrome, and Apert syndrome, which are genetic disorders that cause problems with the development of the skull, head shape, and face.
  • Born prematurely.
  • Got an infection, such as rubella, while in the womb.
  • Suffering from a brain tumor or hemangioma near the eye, when

Squint Eye Disease in Adults

Crossed eyes can also occur in adults due to certain disorders or diseases, including:

1. Nerve and brain problems

Some disorders that attack the nerves and brain, such as stroke, brain tumors, hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid in the brain), severe head injuries, and Guillain-Barré syndrome, can cause weakness or paralysis of the eye muscles, leading to crossed eyes.

2. Refractive errors of the eye uncorrected

Problems with visual acuity or refractive errors of the eye, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism, will make the eyes work extra. If the eyes have worked too hard and the disorder is not treated, then over time the eyes will become cross-eyed.

 3. Injury to the eye

Injuries that cause a fracture of the skull near the eye, damage to the muscles or nerves of the eye, and tearing of the eye muscle can cause a squint. These injuries often result from traffic accidents, impacts or blows to the eye, and stab wounds to the eye muscles.

4. Graves' disease

Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland. People with Graves' disease not only have problems with their metabolism, but also their eyes.

Graves' disease can cause protrusion of the eyeballexophthalmos), as well as muscle and nerve damage to the eye. This is what makes people with Graves' disease experience a squint.

In addition to the diseases above, several other medical conditions, such as uncontrolled diabetes and botulism, can also cause crossed eyes.

Because the causes of squint can vary, the sufferer needs to get a thorough examination from an ophthalmologist. After the cause of the squint is known, the ophthalmologist will provide appropriate treatment to overcome it.

Crossed eyes can be treated with the use of special glasses or contact lenses, drops or injections in the eye, eye muscle exercises, and eye surgery. Handling a squint needs to be done immediately to prevent permanent damage to the eye.