Vitamin B5 - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid is a supplement to prevent and treat deficiencies (deficiency) vitamin B5. Vitamin B5 helps the body break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

Vitamin B5 can be obtained by consuming foods and drinks rich in this vitamin, such as broccoli, cabbage, sweet potatoes, potatoes, mushrooms, eggs, dairy products, whole grains, organ meats, and meat. Vitamin B5 supplements can be taken if the intake of vitamin B5 from food is not enough.

Vitamin B5 supplements are available in the form of supplements containing only vitamin B5, in combination with other B vitamins, or in combination with several types of vitamins and minerals.

Vitamin B5 trademarks: Cernevit, Nutrimax B Complex, Lexavit, Metcom-C, Nutrimax Rainbow Kids, Selkom-C, Vitamin B Complex

What's that Vitamin B5

groupOver-the-counter drugs and special prescription drugs for injection preparations
CategoryVitamin supplements
BenefitPrevent and treat vitamin B5 deficiency
Used byAdults and children
Vitamin B5 for pregnant and lactating womenCategory A: controlled studies in pregnant women have shown no risk to the fetus and is unlikely to harm the fetus.

Category C if the dose exceeds the RDA: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.

Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

Vitamin B5 supplements can be absorbed into breast milk, but are considered safe for consumption by nursing mothers. Breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women are advised to take B5 supplements that are specifically intended for pregnant or lactating women.

Drug formTablets, caplets, capsules, syrups and injections

Precautions Before Using Vitamin B5

Pay attention to the following points before using vitamin B5:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Do not use this medication if you are allergic to synthetic vitamin B5.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from intestinal obstruction, hemophilia, or colitis.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction or overdose after using pantothenic acid.

Dosage and Instructions for Use of Vitamin B5

The dose of vitamin B5 varies, depending on the age of the patient, the patient's condition, and the purpose of use. Here is a breakdown of general vitamin B5 dosages based on their intended use:

Purpose: Prevents vitamin B5 deficiency

  • Adults and teens: 4–7 mg per day
  • Children aged 7–10 years: 4-5 mg per day
  • Children aged 4–6 years: 3-4 mg per day
  • Children aged 0–3 years: 2-3 mg per day

Purpose: Overcoming vitamin B5 deficiency

  • Mature: 5–10 mg per day

Nutritional Adequacy Rate Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5 needs can be met through food, supplements, or a combination of both. The recommended nutritional adequacy rate (RDA) varies based on age and health conditions. The following is a breakdown of the daily RDA for vitamin B5 by age:

  • Age 0–6 months: 1.7 mg
  • Age 7–12 months: 1.8 mg
  • Ages 1-3 years: 2 mg
  • Ages 4–8 years: 3 mg
  • Ages 9–13 years: 4 mg
  • Age 14 years: 5 mg

Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers need more vitamin B5 intake, which is 6 mg per day for pregnant women and 7 mg per day for nursing mothers.

How to use Vitamin B5 correctly

Vitamin and mineral supplements are taken to meet the body's need for vitamins and minerals, especially when the intake from food is not sufficient. Keep in mind, supplements are only as a complement to nutritional intake, not as a substitute for nutrients from food.

Use vitamin B5 supplements according to the description on the packaging. If necessary, discuss with your doctor to find out the right dose according to your condition.

Provision of vitamin B5 supplements in the form of injections will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. This injection form of vitamin B5 is injected into a vein.

B5 supplements in the form of tablets, caplets, and capsules should be taken with meals. This supplement should be consumed in its entirety. Do not split, chew, or crush the supplement, as this may affect its effectiveness.

Vitamin B5 supplements in the form of syrup need to be shaken before consumption. Use the measuring spoon provided on the supplement packaging for the right dose.

If you forget to take your medicine, ignore it and don't double the next dose.

Store vitamin B5 in a tightly closed package in a cool dry place. Avoid heat and direct sunlight. Keep supplements out of reach of children.

Interaction of Vitamin B5 with Other Drugs

The use of vitamin B5 with other drugs can cause drug interactions. One possible interaction effect is a decrease in the effectiveness of vitamin B5 when used with the following medicines:

  • Azithromycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Erythromycin
  • Roxithromycin

In addition, be careful taking vitamin B5 supplements together royal jelly which is also rich in vitamin B5. To prevent unwanted interactions, consult your doctor first if you want to take vitamin B5 with certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.

Side Effects and Dangers Vitamin B5

If consumed according to the dosage and the rules of use, vitamin B5 is generally safe and very rarely causes side effects. However, taking vitamin B5 in excessive doses can increase the risk of stomach upset and diarrhea.