Oftentimes boy age 13 which yearHaven't had a sound change yet or girls have not had breast development at the age of 12 year, considered get into troubleapuberty barrier. However, not only that. Recognize other signs, to anticipate puberty coming late or even earlier.
Puberty is a time when children's bodies develop into adults, both physically and psychologically. In some children, puberty that comes earlier or later than the age it should be, can be a sign of a serious condition.
Puberty in Children
In girls, puberty begins with breast development, pubic hair growth, and the start of the menstrual cycle. Generally these changes begin when children are 8-13 years old. The shape of the body as a whole will also change with the size of the hips that widen.
While in boys, puberty begins with an enlarged penis, changes in the voice that become heavier, the contours of the muscles of the body will be clearer, the chest is wider, and the shoulders widen. This condition generally begins to occur at the age of 9-14 years.
Changes in body shape at puberty, caused by increased production of the hormone estrogen in women and testosterone in men.
Causes of Puberty Comes Early or Late
Early puberty is usually more common in girls. Generally caused by the following:
- Disorders of the thyroid gland or ovaries.
- Genetic conditions.
- Disorders of the brain due to tumors, infections, side effects of radiotherapy, and postoperative effects.
- Other causes that are not known for certain.
Meanwhile, late puberty in girls can be characterized by breasts that have not grown until the age of 13 years, or have not menstruated until the age of 15 years. In boys, the testes don't get bigger until the age of 14.
In some children, the cause of delayed puberty is not known with certainty. There are several factors that may be the cause, including:
- Malnutrition, which can occur in children with eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa.
- Genetic and chromosomal disorders, such as in Turner syndrome, Kallman syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome.
- Chronic illness, such as diabetes, kidney disease or cystic fibrosis.
- Disorders of the thyroid gland, testes, ovaries, or pituitary gland (pituitary).
- Disorders of sexual development, such as androgen insensitivity syndrome.
- Delay in growth and development that is hereditary, namely the existence of a pattern of delayed puberty in the family.
- Lack of fat composition in the body of girls who are too much physical activity or too active in sports.
- Consumption of certain drugs, such as cyclophosphamide (a type of chemotherapy drug) or long-term corticosteroid therapy.
If you find this condition, the first step to dealing with it is to see a doctor. Puberty that comes early or comes late needs to be addressed according to the cause. If needed, the doctor can give drugs to regulate hormone levels in the body.