Cefdinir - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Cefdinir is a drug used to treat many types of bacterial infections. Cefdinir belongs to the third generation cephalosporin class of antibiotics.This medicine should only be used with a doctor's prescription.

Cefdinir works by killing and preventing the growth of infection-causing bacteria in the body. Cefdinir cannot be used to treat viral infections, such as colds and flu. This drug is available in the form of capsules and powder suspension.

cefdinir trademark: Nircef

What is Cefdinir?

groupCephalosporin class of antibiotics
CategoryPrescription drugs
BenefitTreating bacterial infections
Used byAdults and children
Cefdinir for pregnant and lactating womenCategory B: Studies in animal studies have not shown any risk to the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.

It is not known whether Cefdinir can be absorbed through breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without telling your doctor.

Drug formSuspension capsules and powder

Warning Before Using Cefdinir:

  • Do not use cefdinir if you have a history of allergies to this drug or to other cephalosporin drugs.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a history of allergies to penicillin drugs.
  • Do not use cefdinir if you are taking probenecid, antacids, and medicines that contain iron.
  • Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, diabetes, and digestive disorders, such as colitis.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you want to be immunized or vaccinated with a live vaccine, such as the typhoid vaccine, BCG vaccine, or cholera vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including supplements, and herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are planning any surgery, including dental surgery.
  • See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction or overdose after using cefdinir.

Dosage and Instructions for Use of Cefdinir

The dose and administration of cefdinir depend on the age of the patient. The following are a number of diseases caused by bacterial infections that can be treated with cefdinir:

  • Ear infection
  • Pharyngitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Respiratory tract infections, such as pneumonia, sinusitis, or bronchitis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • skin infection

The following is the distribution of cefdinir doses:

Mature: 300–600 mg, 1–2 times daily for 5–10 days

Children aged 6 months–12 years: 7–14 mg/kg, 1–2 times daily for 5–10 days

How to Use Cefdinir Correctly

Use cefdinir according to the doctor's instructions or the information listed on the medicine package. Do not increase or decrease the dose without consulting your doctor first.

Cefdinir is available in the form of capsules and suspension powder. Cefdinir can be taken before and after meals once or twice a day.

If you forget to take the drug, ignore it and do not double the dose on the next consumption schedule.

If you are taking cefdinir suspension powder, mix the suspension powder with water according to the dosage listed on the medicine package. Do not forget to shake the cefdinir suspension that has been thawed before use. Use a measuring spoon, so that the dosage is right.

Store this medication at room temperature. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight and keep out of reach of children.

Cefdinir Interactions with Other Drugs

There are several interactions that can arise due to the use of cefdinir together with other drugs, including:

  • Decreased effectiveness of vaccines derived from live bacteria, such as BCG vaccine, typhoid vaccine, and cholera vaccine
  • Increased effectiveness of anticoagulant drugs, such as warfarin, argatroban, or heparin
  • Decreased effectiveness of cefdinir when used with iron-containing drugs
  • Increases the effectiveness of cefdinir and side effects when used with probenecid

  • Increased risk of kidney damage if used with diuretics

Recognize the Side Effects and Dangers of Cefdinir

In addition to the benefits it provides, cefdinir can cause several side effects which include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite

  • Stomach ache
  • Changes in stool color

If the condition does not improve or even worsens, consult a doctor. You are also advised to see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic drug reaction or serious side effects that are rare, such as:

  • Bloody and slimy diarrhea
  • Out of breath
  • Fever
  • Seizures

  • Pain or difficulty urinating
  • Frequent bruising and bleeding
  • Weak and tired