The Anesthesiologist's Role in Surgical Procedures

Some people might assume that the work of an anesthesiologist is only limited to providing anesthesia. In fact , the duties and responsibilities of the anesthesiologist include many things , including monitoring the patient 's condition and ensuring that the patient does not feel pain during and after surgery .

Anesthetists are specialists who are responsible for providing anesthesia or anesthesia to patients who want to undergo surgical procedures (operations) and other medical procedures.

The anesthesiologist is part of the surgical team, which works closely with the surgeon and nurse. Anesthesia performed by this specialist is in the form of giving sedative and painkillers. The goal is for the patient to fall asleep and not feel pain during the surgical procedure.

Doctor An .'s Roleaesthetics

Broadly speaking, the responsibilities of the anesthesiologist include:

  • Provide perioperative services, namely medical procedures required for surgery. This includes preoperative preparation, intraoperative services (during the operation), and postoperative services.
  • Determine treatment to prevent and relieve pain in patients, both in surgical procedures and in patients with certain medical conditions. For example in cancer patients, patients who are about to give birth, and in patients who will undergo endoscopic procedures.
  • Provide emergency treatment, including resuscitation measures for critically ill patients and patients in intensive care.

Responsibilities of the Anesthesiologist in Surgery

Anesthesiologists have a duty both before surgery, during surgery, and after surgery. Here's the explanation:

Before surgery

The anesthesiologist's responsibility begins before the surgical procedure is carried out. At this stage, the anesthesiologist is tasked with making an evaluation before anesthesia, which is to ensure the patient's condition is suitable for surgery.

In addition, the anesthesiologist will also make an anesthetic plan according to the patient's condition. This includes what type of anesthesia will be used, as well as the method of breathing apparatus to be administered.

There are several things that the anesthesiologist considers before giving anesthesia, including:

  • The patient's current condition and previous medical history. The anesthesiologist will check whether the patient has had surgery, the type of surgery, any health problems (eg diabetes or heart disease). The patient is also asked to tell the doctor whether he or his family members have any allergies to anesthetics or other drugs.
  • Operation type. For example, patients may need general anesthesia to ensure comfort and safety during major surgery.
  • The results of the medical examination include a physical examination and investigations, such as blood tests or an electrocardiogram (ECG).

During operation

Before the operation begins, the anesthesiologist will perform anesthesia on the patient, and make sure the anesthesia is working properly. When the operation takes place, the role of the anesthesiologist is still needed to accompany the patient during the operation.

During the procedure, the anesthesiologist will monitor the patient's condition and vital signs, such as heart rate and rhythm, breathing, and blood pressure. In addition, the anesthesiologist will also monitor whether the patient feels pain or not.

After operation

After the operation was completed, the anesthetist's job did not stop there. He is still responsible for monitoring the patient's consciousness and condition during the recovery phase.

This includes checking the patient's postoperative condition and possible complications. Anesthetists are also needed to treat pain that appears after surgery until the patient feels comfortable.

Anesthesiologist with Specialized Specialties

Every anesthesiologist is trained to treat patients in the operating room, but not a few anesthetists take subspecialties, for example in the field of critical care patients who require intensive care (Intensive Care Unit/ICU).

There are also pediatric anesthetists who specialize in pain management and anesthesia in children, neuroanesthesiologists who handle neurosurgery operations, and anesthesiologists who specialize in pain management, such as chronic pain or cancer-related pain.

Anesthetists are needed to provide comfort and safety to patients undergoing surgery and other medical procedures. He is also responsible for the safety and health of patients, as well as carrying out operations according to procedures.

For this reason, the patient or the patient's family needs to consult with an anesthesiologist before undergoing surgery.

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