Dysphoria is a condition when a person experiences feelings of discomfort or deep dissatisfaction. Dysphoria is the opposite of euphoria. This condition is more common in women aged 25–44 years.
Basically, dysphoria not classified as a mental health disorder. However, dysphoria are often part of the symptoms of various mental illnesses, such as depression, anxiety disorders, and use of psychoactive substances.
Studies show that the common signs of people with dysphoria is often thinking about the future excessively. Usually, the mind contains more negative thoughts and things that don't make sense, such as feeling worthless, having no hope, or having no way out.
people with dysphoria may also experience symptoms of depression or other mental disorders, ranging from crying, loss of appetite, sleep disturbances, difficulty concentrating, lazy to have fun, to loss of passion for life. They will also often appear sad, burdened, numb, and sometimes irritable.
Sufferer dysphoria who smoke will usually have a worse smoking habit. In fact, he may develop dependence on cigarettes, have difficulty quitting smoking, and experience more severe withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit smoking.
Various Causes Dysphoria
Below are some of the factors that are thought to be the trigger for the emergence: dysphoria:
The psychological disorders most commonly associated with dysphoria is gender dysphoria. In this condition, dysphoria arises because a person feels a mismatch between his biological sex and his gender identity.
Dysphoria sometimes it disappears when it has transitioned or started living with a new gender, as transgender. However, some actors transgender sometimes there are still those who continue to experience dysphoria after the transition period.
not only gender dysphoria, there are also several other disorders that can trigger dysphoria, including depression, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, and schizoaffective disorder.
The health conditions most commonly associated with dysphoria is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). This condition is a more severe version of PMS which is characterized by irritability, anxiety, fear, difficulty concentrating. The symptoms felt can be so severe that it prevents the sufferer from normal activities.
Several other conditions can trigger dysphoria, including nutritional deficiencies, thyroid disease, poisoning, and side effects of certain medications.
Consumption of alcoholic beverages
Studies show that 70% of people with alcohol addiction and mood very likely to experience dysphoria. Usually, dysphoria occurs when an addict suddenly stops or reduces alcohol consumption.
Apart from those mentioned above, dysphoria It can also occur due to psychological stress, such as stress due to work pressures, family conflicts, or the death of a loved one.
How to overcome Dysphoria
Basically, dysphoria can be treated properly, depending on the underlying cause. In the case of excessive alcohol consumption, dysphoria will generally subside once the habit is stopped. However, it may take weeks for the mood to really improve.
In PMDD, symptoms dysphoria can also improve by implementing changes in lifestyle, such as eating nutritious foods, being active or exercising, controlling stress well. However, PMDD can also be treated with medication prescribed by a doctor.
Case dysphoria caused by a psychological disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, or gender dysphoria, will require counseling and treatment from a psychiatrist. Treatment or treatment given will be adjusted to the level of psychological disorders experienced.
Although not classified as a mental health disorder, dysphoria cannot be ignored. If not treated in the long term, the worst risk that can occur is an attempted suicide.
So if you feel the signs dysphoria, consult a psychologist or psychiatrist. That way, you can get the right inspection and treatment.