Various health complaints in pregnant women can be worrying, including nosebleeds during pregnancy. However, pregnant women do not need to worry too much. Nosebleeds with mild intensity are actually quite normal during pregnancy.
Usually nosebleeds will be more common when the gestational age has entered the second trimester. Nosebleeds during pregnancy generally occur due to hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Causes of Nosebleeds During Pregnancy
When pregnant, the blood supply in the pregnant woman's body will increase to meet the nutritional and oxygen needs of the fetus. This condition causes the blood vessels of pregnant women to widen, including the blood vessels of the nose.
In addition, the pressure on the fine blood vessels around the nose also increases. As a result, the nasal passages and airways become swollen, which causes the blood vessels to rupture more easily.
Nosebleeds can also occur when pregnant women have colds, sinusitis, or allergies, and when the membranes inside the nose are too dry due to cold or windy weather. Injuries to the nose and certain medical conditions, such as hypertension or clotting disorders in the bloodstream, can also cause nosebleeds during pregnancy.
The Effect of Nosebleeds on Pregnancy
Nosebleeds during pregnancy are generally harmless to the mother and fetus, especially if they occur only occasionally. However, pregnant women need to be careful if nosebleeds occur more than once or occur continuously. The reason, such nosebleeds may be associated with an increased risk of postpartum bleeding.
How mstop nosebleeds while pregnant
If you experience nosebleeds during pregnancy, pregnant women should not panic. Stay calm and take the following nosebleed management steps:
- Sit up straight and lower your head slightly.
- Avoid sleeping positions or tilting your head up, as this will cause blood to drip down the back of your throat.
- Pinch the bottom of the nose with your thumb and index finger.
- Breathe through your mouth and press your nose for 10-15 minutes without stopping.
- Sit up straight or stand up straight, to lower the blood pressure in the nasal cavity, to prevent further bleeding.
- Then, compress the nose with ice wrapped in a towel or cloth.
- Pregnant women can sleep on their side if they feel weak.
To prevent a nosebleed during pregnancy from recurring, avoid the following for at least 24 hours after a nosebleed:
- Throwing mucus (snot) is too strong
- bend over
- Doing strenuous activity
- Sleep on your back
- Picking the nose
Also, avoid consuming alcoholic beverages or hot drinks, as they can cause the blood vessels in the nose to widen and make nosebleeds worse.
Nosebleeds during pregnancy are normal and not dangerous for pregnant women. However, if the nosebleed during pregnancy does not stop after performing the steps above, or after pinching your nose for 20 minutes, do not hesitate to immediately consult a doctor. It could be, this condition is a serious problem that requires immediate medical attention.