A urologist is a doctor who specializes in treating health problems with the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, adrenal glands, and urinary tract. Urologists can also treat problems with the male reproductive organs, such as the penis, testes, and prostate gland.
The urinary system functions to filter and remove waste substances and excess fluid through urine. This system consists of the kidneys, ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), bladder, and urinary tract.
The male reproductive organs, such as the penis, testes, and prostate gland, are also included in the urinary system. When experiencing problems or complaints in the organs in the urinary system, a person is advised to consult a urologist.
Complaints in the Urinary Tract that Need to be Treated by an Urologist
The following are some complaints related to the urinary system that you can consult with a urologist:
- Urination that is accompanied by a stinging or hot feeling.
- Urine turns brown, red, or pink (bloody stools).
- Urine smells bad.
- Discharge or pus from the genital organs.
- Pelvic pain.
- Swollen feet and legs.
- Wetting the bed when coughing or sneezing.
- Decreased sexual desire.
- A lump in the testicle.
- Troubled erection.
Medical Conditions Treated by Urologists
When patients come with these complaints, the urologist will diagnose possible diseases with various examinations, then provide treatment according to the diagnosis.
Various diseases that can be treated by a urologist are:
- Urinary incontinence.
- Erectile dysfunction or difficulty in maintaining/achieving an erection.
- Infertility or infertility in men.
- Enlargement of the prostate gland.
- Prostatitis or inflammation of the prostate gland.
- Varicocele or enlarged veins in the scrotum (scrotum).
- Kidney, bladder or urinary tract infections.
- Kidney stones.
- Bladder prolapse, which is the descent of the bladder through the vagina.
- Cancers of the urinary system, such as cancer of the bladder, kidney, penis, testes, and prostate gland.
Besides being able to treat adults, urologists can also treat children who have problems with the urinary system, such as frequent bedwetting, undescended testicles, and urinary tract obstruction.
In conclusion, any complaints that are suspected as symptoms of urinary tract disorders can be consulted with a urologist, so that the cause can be identified and appropriate treatment given.